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30 Different types of Photography

Photography come in a variety of types, each with its own unique approach to capturing moments through a camera lens. While they differ in shooting techniques, subject matter, and final outcomes, they all share a common goal: preserving a moment in time.

Before diving into different types of photography, it’s helpful to understand the concept of “type/genre,” which refers to a classification within the art world, characterized by distinct features and creative conditions.

Consider Joseph Nicéphore Niépce, the pioneer credited with creating the first photograph. His groundbreaking work, titled “View from the Window,” presents a challenge in identifying its genre. Niépce’s image could be categorized within landscape and street photography, two prominent genres that capture scenes of nature and everyday life. 

different types of photography

different types of photography

1. Landscape photography

Landscape photographs showcase the breathtaking beauty of nature as their main focus. Whether it’s spring, summer, autumn, or winter, nature always offers stunning scenery to capture. Key factors like perspective, composition, color, and lighting play vital roles in creating compelling landscape images. Even if you’re not a seasoned photographer, you can still take a gorgeous landscape photo when the opportunity presents itself.

landscape photography
2. Street Photography

Street photography captures the everyday moments, details, and nuances of urban life, seen through the keen eye of the photographer. These images not only document urban landscapes but also serve as a reflection of society, capturing its diversity, culture, and evolving trends. Street photography celebrates the spirit of spontaneity and authenticity, offering glimpses into the soul of a city and the people who inhabit it.

street photography type
3. Architectural Photography

In Architectural Photography just like in any other type of photography, there are guidelines and principles to follow. It’s all about capturing buildings, structures, and spaces in a visually appealing and informative way. Architectural photographers pay attention to factors like composition, lighting, and perspective to highlight the unique design elements and features of the architecture they’re photographing. Whether it’s capturing the grandeur of a skyscraper, the intricate details of a historic building, or the modern lines of a contemporary structure, architectural photography allows us to appreciate the beauty and craftsmanship of architectural design.

architecture photography example
4. Documentary Photography

Documentary Photography is a unique form of photojournalism where the photographer tells a story or captures an event through a series of visual images, typically arranged in chronological order. From capturing historic moments to documenting social issues and everyday life, documentary photography provides a powerful way to inform, educate, and evoke emotions through images.

documentary photography example
5. Commercial Photography

This kind of photography combines elements from various styles like fashion, beauty, and still life to create captivating images used in advertisements. It’s all about showcasing products, services, or brands in an appealing and visually striking way. Whether it’s capturing the latest fashion trends, showcasing beauty products, or highlighting the features of a new gadget, advertising photography aims to grab the viewer’s attention and convey a message.

6. Product Photography

It’s a branch of commercial photography, focusing specifically on capturing images of products in a way that highlights their features, benefits, and overall appeal. Product photography plays a crucial role in marketing and branding, influencing consumer perceptions and driving sales. 

skincare photoshoot
Photo by ArsVie Photo Studio
jewerly photography sunglasses
Photo by ArsVie Photo Studio
7. Food Photography

It’s the art of capturing images of food, showcasing its beauty, texture, and appeal. Whether it’s for advertising, cookbooks, social media, or personal enjoyment, food photography plays a crucial role in enticing viewers and evoking emotions. Photographers use various techniques such as lighting, composition, and styling to enhance the visual appeal of food and create mouth-watering images that make viewers hungry.

food photography genre
Photo by ArsVie Photo Studio
8. Fashion Photography

This photography genre showcases the latest trends in the fashion world. Fashion photos subtly persuade us to stay in vogue with the latest designs and styles. Fashion photographers often collaborate with makeup artists and hairstylists to ensure that every aspect of the image aligns with the desired vision. These photographs can be found in fashion magazines, advertisements, and online platforms, influencing trends and shaping our perceptions of beauty and style. Fashion photography celebrates creativity, innovation, and self-expression, making it a vibrant and influential form of photography.

travel blogger posing in white outfit
fashion type of photography
9. Beauty Photography

Beauty Photography is about close-up shots featuring beautiful faces adorned with vibrant, sometimes eccentric makeup. Beauty photography exudes glamour and sophistication making it particularly popular among those who aspire to runway-worthy looks. In beauty photography, every detail matters – from the flawless application of makeup to the intricate styling of hair and accessories. Photographers meticulously consider lighting, composition, and angles to accentuate the model’s features and bring out their inner radiance.

beauty photo
beauty photography
10. Wedding Photography

It’s among the most cherished types of photography. Wedding photography captures the precious moments of starting a new family, cherishes memories and preserves them for generations to come. Wedding photographers often have a keen eye for candid moments, capturing the raw emotions and genuine interactions that unfold throughout the day. 

type of photography wedding
11. Family Photography

Following the wedding, family photos become a cherished addition to the photo album, capturing the bonds and joy shared among loved ones. Whether taken in a studio setting or outdoors, what truly matters is the essence of togetherness depicted in these images. They serve as precious reminders of the moments spent with family, preserving memories that will be treasured for generations to come. Whether it’s a playful moment captured in the backyard or a formal portrait in a professional studio, family photos reflect the warmth and love of family relationships, serving as a testament to the strength of familial bonds.

family photography
12. Children's Photography

Children’s photography includes newborn, senior photo sessions. Children are the joyous blooms of life, and as every parent knows, they grow up in the blink of an eye. This genre of photography is all about capturing those precious moments as your child grows and changes. Each photograph serves as a timeless keepsake, preserving the fleeting beauty of childhood for you to cherish forever.

newborn children photography
13. Portrait Photography

This is one of the most heartfelt types of photography. It’s all about capturing the essence of a person through a single image. Whether it’s a candid snapshot or a carefully composed studio portrait, portrait photography aims to reveal the personality, emotions, and character of the subject. Portrait photography also includes headshots and personal branding photos.

portrait photography
business style coach photoshoot
14. Black and white photography

Black and white. Two colors and many emotions, this is how we can briefly describe this type of photography, which gives us more opportunity to focus specifically on the inner world of the person or object depicted in the frame. Black and white images have a unique ability to convey mood, drama, and nostalgia, making them powerful tools for storytelling and expression. Whether it’s capturing a dramatic landscape, a candid portrait, or a still life scene, black and white photography offers a different perspective and invites viewers to see the world in a new light.

black and white photography genre
15. Sports photography

Sports photography is a specialized field within photography that focuses on capturing dynamic images of sporting events, athletes, and action-packed moments. Sports photographers use specialized equipment and techniques to freeze fast-paced action, such as high-speed shutter speeds and telephoto lenses.

16. Nude Photography

Nude is a type of photography that captures the human form in its natural state, celebrating beauty, elegance, and honesty. It’s about showcasing the human body in a tasteful and artistic way, revealing its beauty and vulnerability. It’s a form of self-expression and appreciation for the human form, exploring themes of sensuality, intimacy, and freedom. While some may find it provocative, nude photography is often a celebration of confidence, self-acceptance, and the beauty of the human form.

17. Boudoir Photography

Boudoir is all about capturing intimate and sensual moments in a tasteful and seductive way. It’s not as explicit as nude photography, but it still celebrates the beauty and allure of the human body. Boudoir photography often takes place in a private setting like a bedroom or luxurious hotel room, creating a comfortable and intimate atmosphere for the subject.  It’s a celebration of self-love and body positivity.

boudoir photography outdoors
Tropical Boudoir, Photo by ArsVie photo studio, taken in the Riviera Maya

18. Pet photography

Pet photography focuses on capturing images of our beloved furry friends. It’s all about capturing the unique personalities, expressions, and quirks of pets, whether they’re dogs, cats, or any other animal companion.

19. Wildlife photography

Wildlife Photography brings the fascinating world of wildlife closer to us, allowing us to glimpse into the lives of animals in their natural habitats. However, it’s important to keep a safe distance from wildlife to ensure both our safety and theirs. Wildlife photographers use their skills and patience to capture stunning images of animals in their natural environment, showcasing their beauty, behavior, and habitats. Through wildlife photography, we can appreciate the diversity of life on our planet and gain a deeper understanding of the importance of conservation efforts to protect these magnificent creatures and their habitats for future generations to enjoy.

wildlife photography

20. Travel photography

This kind of photography has become increasingly popular in recent years, thanks to the abundance of travel opportunities and the widespread availability of cameras. If you have a passion for exploring new places and a camera in hand, you can capture countless interesting shots along your journey. Travel photography is all about documenting your adventures, from stunning landscapes and iconic landmarks to vibrant cultures and everyday moments. It’s a way to preserve memories, share experiences, and inspire others to explore the world around them. 

travel photography

21. Macro photography

This type of photography lets us explore the world around us in incredible detail, almost like using a microscope. It’s all about capturing extreme close-up shots of small subjects, revealing intricate details that we might not notice with the naked eye. From tiny insects and delicate flowers to everyday objects like water droplets or grains of sand, macro photography allows us to see the beauty and complexity of the world on a whole new level. This is my one of my favorite photography genres and on my website you can view my macro photo gallery.

macro photography

22. Still Life photography

Still Life photography has a lot in common with fine art, this type of photography involves capturing images of inanimate objects arranged in visually appealing compositions. It’s all about creating beautiful designs using everyday objects as subjects. Still life photographers carefully arrange objects like fruits, flowers, books, and household items to create visually striking and thought-provoking images. Through creative lighting, composition, and styling, they transform ordinary objects into works of art that evoke emotions and tell stories. Still life photography allows us to appreciate the beauty and simplicity of everyday objects, inviting viewers to see the world around them in a new light. Nowadays I specialize in still life photography and truly enjoy it.

still life prop styling

23. Underwater photography

Underwater Photography is one of the most captivating types of photography, in my opinion. And I practiced it when living in the Riviera Maya, Mexico. It offers a chance to dive into another world, a different dimension altogether, where a serene and silent atmosphere prevails. From the perspective of the photographer, it’s like stepping into a magical realm beneath the waves, where vibrant marine life, colorful coral reefs, and mesmerizing underwater landscapes await.

underwater photography image

24. Night time photography

Night Photography shows the vibrant energy and beauty of city lights after dark. It’s all about capturing the dazzling array of lights that illuminate the urban landscape at night, from the shimmering skyscrapers to the bustling streets below. Night photography allows us to see familiar cityscapes in a whole new light, revealing the magical atmosphere that emerges when the sun sets and the city comes alive with light and color.

miami night photography

25. Astro photography

Astro Photography is about the beauty of the night sky, including stars, planets, and the moon. It allows us to explore and appreciate the wonders of the universe from the comfort of our own planet. Through astro photography, we gain a deeper understanding of the universe and our place within it, inspiring wonder and curiosity about the mysteries of space.

astro photography moon

26. Panoramic photography

Panoramic photos capture a wide view, often spanning more than 180 degrees, allowing us to see a broad and expansive scene in a single image. By stitching together multiple images or using specialized wide-angle lenses, photographers can create stunning panoramic images that immerse viewers in the beauty and depth of the world around us.

27. Aerial photography

Aerial photography is a unique kind of photography that involves capturing images from an elevated perspective, usually from an aircraft or drone. It provides a bird’s-eye view of landscapes, cities, and natural wonders, offering a fresh and captivating perspective that is not possible from the ground. It’s a powerful tool for documenting geography, monitoring environmental changes, and capturing the beauty of our planet from above.

aerial drone photography

28. Real Estate photography

It’s a type of photography that focuses on capturing images of properties for sale or rent. It plays a crucial role in marketing real estate listings, helping potential buyers or renters visualize the property’s features, layout, and potential. Real estate photographers use professional equipment and techniques to showcase properties in the best possible light, emphasizing their architectural details and interior design.

real estate photography type

29. Interior Design photography

Interior Design photography gives us a glimpse into the beauty and creativity of interior design. It captures the carefully planned spaces, stylish décor, and thoughtful details that make up the interiors of homes, offices, and other buildings. Interior photographers use their skills to showcase the perfection of design concepts, highlighting the functionality, aesthetics, and ambiance of each space. Whether it’s a cozy living room, a modern kitchen, or a luxurious hotel lobby, interior photography allows us to appreciate the artistry and craftsmanship that goes into creating beautiful and inviting interiors. 

30. Flying Dress photography

Flying dress photography is a captivating and visually stunning genre that combines fashion photography with artistic creativity. In this type of photography, models are often photographed wearing flowing dresses or garments that float gracefully through the air. The illusion of flight is created by strategically positioning the model and dress, as well as using fans or other props to generate movement and lift. The result is ethereal and dreamlike imagery that evokes a sense of elegance and freedom.

flying dress photoshoot beach

*All pictures posted in this article were taken by ArsVie Photo Studio. You cannot copy or share these images without permission from ArsVie Photo Studio.

Stay inspired,

Elena Sullivan 

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